Backus introduces this Functional Programming language during a lecture given on the occasion of receiving the ACM Turing award"Can Programming be liberated from the von Neumann Stype. The SSEC was not a computer in the modern sense. This computer had a built-in scaling factor, also called a floating point, and an indexer, which significantly reduced operating time.
He moved into a New York apartment and decided to enter into a technical school program where a teacher there took an interest in him. In order for the computer to understand any HLL, a compiler translates the high level language into either assembly language or machine code. Awards and honors[ edit ].
He began medical training at Haverford College and, during an internship at a hospital, he was diagnosed with a cranial bone tumor, which was successfully removed; a plate was installed in his head, and he ended medical training after nine months and a subsequent operation to replace the plate with one of his own design.
Sometimes viewed as Backus's apology for creating Fortran, this paper did less to garner interest in the FP language than to spark research into functional programming in general.
It would be interesting to find out why the education system failed him so completely in the early days and thank goodness there are sometimes second chances in adult education. His job as a programmer was one that interested him. Assembly language is always translated back into machine code by programs called assemblers.
By the spring ofhe was just months away from graduating with a bachelor of science degree in mathematics. At this point the aimless wandering of the early part of his life might have returned except that he had the luck to apply for a job with IBM. While in the army, he began to study medicine but even though he had a knack for it, he didn't stick with it and soon, Backus was back to square one without any career goals in mind.
It was a formal notation able to describe any context-free programming language, and was important in the development of compilers. Not knowing what to do with his life, he took a small apartment in New York.
Poor grades and attendance record notwithstanding, Backus graduated from the Hill School in and entered the University of Virginia. He graduated from Columbia University with a bachelor's degree in and a master's degree inboth in mathematics,  and joined IBM in He has inspired many to invest into TakeLessons math tutoring.
Even at this early stage the importance of software over hardware was beginning to be felt. And few of them revolutionized our lives. Through out the ages we are blessed with intelligent people who invent new revolutionary things that change the face of the Earth. He was an eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and an innovator who is famous for inventing the telephone.
He directed the team that invented the first widely used high-level programming language FORTRAN and was the inventor of the Backus-Naur form BNFthe almost universally used notation to define formal language syntax.
Few of them are as discussed below. During his first three years, he worked on the Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator SSEC ; his first major project was to write a program to calculate positions of the Moon. The change brought to the world during the years of this century was so huge, that by the time it ended the whole face of the earth was changed.
During that time, he was diagnosed with a brain tumor and a plate was installed in his head.
FP was strongly inspired by Kenneth E. Fortran began as a digital code interpreter for the IBM and was originally named Speedcoding. Instead, it would take two years. Function-level programming[ edit ] Backus later worked on a function-level programming language known as FPwhich was described in his Turing Award lecture "Can Programming be Liberated from the von Neumann Style.
As part of the premed program, Backus worked at an Atlantic City hospital as part of the premed program.
He joined the Army in He is famous as one of the best scientists in classical antiquity. It is still used today for programming scientific and mathematical applications. You can help by adding to it.
Here are some of the few inventors who made contributions in this long list of inventors: He died in All programming languages need to be eventually translated into machine code for a computer to use the instructions they contain.
Another aptitude test, this time for medical skills, landed him at Haverford College, where he was to study medicine. Biography John Warner Backus was an American computer scientist.
He led the team that invented the first widely used high-level programming language (FORTRAN) and was the inventor of the Backus-Naur form (BNF), the almost universally used notation to define formal language syntax. John Warner Backus (December 3, – March 17, ) was an American computer scientist.
He directed the team that invented the first widely used high-level programming language (FORTRAN) and was the inventor of the Backus-Naur form (BNF), the almost universally used notation to define formal language syntax. A strange idea and one of its earliest pioneers and champions was John Backus - the man who invented the first influential high level language, FORTRAN, the acronym meaning FORmula TRANslation.
John Warner Backus, - John Backus took an unlikely route to becoming one of the most important figures in software's history. Elizabeth Edsall, John's mother, was the daughter of a Wilmington physician. Cecil and Elizabeth were married on 28 May in Wilmington, New Castle, Delaware. They had three children, Anne Hall Backus (born 25 March ), John Warner Backus (the.
John Warner Backus (December 3, – March 17, ) was an American computer scientist. He directed the team that invented and implemented FORTRAN, the first widely used high-level programming language, and was the inventor of the Backus–Naur form (BNF), a widely used notation to define formal language syntax.
Overview John Backus ( -) The inventor of FORTRAN (for FORmula TRANslation), the first high-level computer programming language and the most widely used programming language of physical science. The ease with which many computers operate today has much to do with the inventions of John.A biography of the life and inventions of john backus